west bank

Temple of Deir al-Bahri,The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

The Hatshepsut Temple at Deir El-Bahri is one of Egypt’s most characteristic temples and the most distinguishing temple on earth. It is actually one of the most remarkable temples in Egypt.

Hatshepsut temple was built by Queen Hatshepsut during the 18th dynasty in the new kingdom about 17 miles northwest of Luxor on the west bank of the Nile under the cliffs of “Deir El-Bahari” in western Thebes. Its purpose was to become the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut and known as Djoser-Djeseru (Holy of Holies).

The vast Temple of Hatshepsut (at Deir el-Bahari) rivals the Pyramids as one of the great funerary monuments of the ancient world; built into the towering cliff face which shelters the Valley of the Kings on the other side.

Who is Queen Hatshepsut

The Temple of Hatshepsut was built to honor the accomplishments of the great Queen Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty). She was the only female pharaoh in the history of Ancient Egypt. She came to power during the New Kingdom after the death of her father, Tuthmose I, and her half-brother and husband, Tuthmose II, who succeeded her father on the throne.

Hatshepsut originally served as queen-regent to her husband’s son by another wife, Tuthmose III, but seized the throne from him and managing to hold onto power until her death. However, Hatshepsut’s status as the only female to rule Egypt is not the only reason for her fame. She was also a very successful pharaoh. She ruled over an era of peace and prosperity, expanding lucrative trade routes to the land of Punt in the south. This accomplishment immortalized in the relief carvings at her temple. She also contributed significantly to many temples, including Karnak.

The Architecture of Queen Hatshepsut Temple

Hatshepsut’s chancellor and royal architect Senenmut designed the Hatshepsut temple in 1479 BC. It took 15 years to truly personified Hatshepsut’s glory to the fullest light. The design of the Hatshepsut temple was very unique; as it came as Egypt’s closest to the concept of Classical Architecture. It was a turning point from the megalithic geometry of the Old Kingdom to the style of the new kingdom; which enjoyed active worship and sanctuaries to honor the gods related to her afterlife. The construction of this temple also mirrored the following temples of the new kingdom.

   

The Temple of Hatshepsut in Luxor is laid out on three terraces rising from the plain, connected by ramps, which divide it into a northern and a southern half and give breathtaking scenery to the tourists during their visit.

On the Ground Level, there was a garden with exotic trees from Hatshepsut’s expeditions to punt but unfortunately, it disappeared. Behind the courtyard, there were colonnades with square pillars. There are decorations that include Tuthmosis III standing in front of Amun; and some scenes depicting the marshes of Lower Egypt. You can go through archways that can lead you to the second level.

The Second Level holds two reflecting pools and sphinxes, which were lining the pathway to another ramp. It contains one of the first pictorial documentation of a trade expedition. There is also a shrine for the Goddess Hathor, who depicted with a woman’s face and a cow’s ears, holding a musical instrument. There are also Hathor Chapel that contains a hypostyle hall with twelve beautiful Hathor-headed columns and Anubis Chapel, which has a hypostyle hall with twelve fluted columns and an astronomical ceiling.

The Third Level houses a portico with double rows of columns that face the front. All images of Queen Hatshepsut destroyed and replaced with images of King Tutmosis III. There is also the sanctuary of Amun that lies behind the courtyard.

You can also see our tours from here:

https://wowtravelegypt.com/tour-category/luxor-tours/

Medinet Habu The Holy Triad of Thebes

Medinet Habu is located on the west bank of Luxor. is the second-largest ancient temple that was discovered in Egypt. The greatness of the ancient Pharaonic architecture. The charm of human civilization in one of the most beautiful monuments, found in habu.

 

The city includes many distinct pharaonic monuments. The most important the Temple of Ramses III, known in the Pharaonic civilization as, “the palace of millions of years for the king of Upper and Lower Egypt.

Medinet Habu Name

some say that the name Habu came from the Christian priest, who has lived in this region for some years.

And the other team believes that the reason for the designation of Habu is due to Amenhotep, son of Habu, Minister of Amenhotep the Third.

There is also a third-team. indicating that the name came from the ancient Egyptian word Hippo, which denotes the holy ibis.

Habu is one of the most beautiful places on the western mainland that you must visit when you come to Egypt.

Historical Position

The ancient Egyptians, as well as contemporary local farmers, considered the Temple of Medinat Habu

to have magical powers. They believed that he was protecting them from mistakes, and he was the site of

many annual festivals. It also was the scene of great festivals on major holidays.

The Mortuary Temple Of Ramesses III

Also-called Temple of Medinet Habu is one of the most important monuments in the city.

Ramses III order to built it to be a special temple for funerary religious rituals. And worship of the god Amun.

The walls of the temple are filled with many drawings that tell the stories of the wars of King Ramses III.

stories about The military campaigns out of Egypt and the enemies he defeated.

The temple consists of a great entrance surrounded by two towers, on these towers, there are reliefs,

pictures of Ramses III. The upper layers of these two towers were dedicated to the royal women.

Great Hypostyle hall

The great hypostyle hall of the temple was roofed and supported by 24 columns in four-row of six with

The double row of central columns thicker than others.

The wall reliefs show Ramses in the presence of the various deities. In addition to each side of the hall is

a series of chambers that were used to store valuable jewels. musical instruments, costly vessels, and

precious metals including gold.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Also, there are smaller Hypostyle halls each supported by eight columns leading to a boat shrine.

See Luxor tours

https://wowtravelegypt.com/tour-category/luxor-tours/

 

Temple of Deir Al-Bahri (Queen Hatshepsut’s temple) some of the best places to visit in Luxor

What is the best place to visit in Luxor?

TODAY, we are going to talk about some of the best places to visit in Luxor . . . Luxor temple and Queen Hatshepsut’s Temple are two of the most wonderful and special temples in Egypt.

1- Luxor Temple

This temple was destined to change the face of Egypt during the centuries. The temple first built by Amenophis |||, it was also known as” the southern harem of Amun”

And it was dedicated to Amun, their mut, and the moon god khons.

As all the temples of Egypt, it comprises the chapels od the deities with their vestibules, a large hypostyle hall, subsidiary chambers and an open peristyle court, which was approached from the north side by a great colonnade.

The temple was changed by and added to a parade of kings, as Amenophis |V ( who covered all the reference to the god Amun within the temple and added the sanctuary of the god Aton).

Then Seti | ( who restored the reliefs and references of Amun ) , and Ramses || ( he worked on extending the temple significantly and added a new colonnaded court at the north side.

During the Christian times, the temple is transformed into a church.

But during the Islamic era, the mosque of Abu El-haggag, was built inside the complex temple grounds and dedicated to a revered holy man.

2. Temple of Deir Al-Bahri (Queen Hatshepsut’s temple):

Temple of Deir Al-Bahri (Queen Hatshepsut’s temple)

At the foot of the cheer cliffs, the temple of Deir Al-bahri is incredibly located.

It’s color of the temple is almost white and also light colored due to the amazing rocks it was built with.

The sandstone of Hatshepsut’s temple is standing out against the beautiful golden yellow to light brown rocks behind.

The temple is laid out on three big terraces to rise it from the plain and linked by the ramps, which divide it into a southern and northern half.

A raised colonnade is built along the west side of each terraces.

At the eastern slopes of the hills, the terraces were hewn out.

Also part of the temple itself was hewn from the rocks

In side The complex temple you can see fantastic statues, inscriptions and reliefs.

Check out that Queen Hatshepsut’s represented herself with all the attributes of a male king ( short apron and beard ) to confirm that she possessed all the authority as any other king.

Check out Tours for the best places you can visit in Luxor:

1-  Trip to the East and West Bank of the Nile

2- Hot Air Balloon Tours in Luxor