Cairo

Pyramids Of Giza Miracle Of Eternal Egypt

Giza pyramids, One of the most mysterious wonders of the world in the world. Tourists flock to Egypt every year, only to be able to see them. Visiting those pyramids is an experience that many people want to take, It is an unforgettable visit.

In the end, it is the only remaining element of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World. Like the saying, “one fears time, and time fears the pyramids.” To this day, scientists and researchers are still confused about the way the pyramids were built.

Royal Tombs

Giza pyramids are located on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile. Because this is where the sunsets every evening, symbolizing the world of the dead. Pyramids built more than 4000 years ago, between 2480 and 2550 BC. It includes three pyramids, Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure.

The pyramids are royal tombs. Each bearing the name of the king who built it and was buried in it,  and the hierarchical construction here is a stage in the development of the tomb architecture in ancient Egypt. Constructed the pyramid of Khufu in Giza on an area of ​​13 acres, followed by the pyramid of Khafre and Menkaure.

                                                                     

Khufu’s pyramid

The pyramid of Khufu is the largest pyramid among the pyramids of Giza and the greatest building of the earth. It contains three burial chambers. It took almost 23 years to build.

What distinguishes it from other pyramids is that it is the only one that has concave faces on its four sides. If you look at it from the ground, it is impossible to notice that. But you can see it from the air, if the lighting conditions are correct, and at certain times of the day.

                                       

Khafre’s Pyramid

The Pyramid of Khafra is the middle pyramid t, built by King Khafra, the fourth king of the Fourth Dynasty, the son of King Khufu. Within his hierarchical group, they found statues in the private valley temple. Which is now in the Egyptian Museum.

Menkaure’s pyramid

It is the smallest of the three pyramids in Giza. Built from limestone. Also at the end of it is a vestibule lined with stone, leading to a horizontal corridor, after which the burial chamber is located.

Also, they found a wooden sarcophagus bearing the name of Menkaure with its mummy. South of the Pyramid, three pyramids are dedicated to queens.

       

Sphinx

On the high plateau in front of the three pyramids, the Sphinx stands guard for it. Which is a statue of a lion’s body and a human head and is one of the largest sculptures in the world. Reaching a length of about 240 feet (73 meters) and a height of 66 feet (20 meters).

The pyramids, with their size, can amaze those who see them. As for the Sphinx, it is the statue that makes you feel intimidated by the place. As if he is telling you that you are now in the presence of the kings. And he is the guard of this world. Its greatness is magnificent in its sculptures and its solidity with time.

     

In conclusion, visit the Pyramids of Giza. Enjoy the opportunity to explore more about one of the most famous civilizations in the history of mankind. You can spend a whole day visiting and you can take the most beautiful memorial pictures there.

See  Giza Pyramids tours:

Quad Bike Around Pyramids

Camel Ride Tours in Pyramids

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Al-Muizz Street Thousand Year Of History

Al-Muizz street  An archaeological museum the size of a street. That tells the history of a nation a thousand years of power and weakness. Control and occupation Thus, a street of Al Moez Ldin Allah Al Fatmi can be described. That street that the public was not allowed to enter, except with a special permit, and leave before sunset The sun.
Its establishment in 969 AD, the same history of Fatimid Cairo. Bordered by Bab ELnasr and Bab al-Futuh in the north, Bab al-Wazir in the south. Al Darasa Street and the remains of the walls of Cairo in the east, and Port Said Street in the west.
Al-Muizz street is the backbone of the city of Cairo since its start. It also includes a group of the most beautiful Islamic monuments in the world. So that made the street is unique with a special beauty and rare decoration, and it varies between mosques, schools, cemeteries, and many palaces.
This made it an open museum of Islamic architecture and monuments.
Origin of the designation of, Al Moez to this name in relation to the Fatimid Caliph Al Moez Ldin Allah Al Fatmi. Al-Muizz street is known by several other names, The most important of which is “Al-Azam” Street, “Cairo” Street, and “Al-Kasaba Street”.
               

Importance of Al-Muizz street 

This street has great historical significance, as it is the oldest street with an Islamic architectural character in the world. From it, EL Moez Ldin Allah Al Fatmi passed in his convoy for the first time.
A closer look at Al-Moez Street will make us realize the historical significance of that street. Including the ruins that to all the ages that passed through that capital for a thousand years.
   

Most important monuments in Al-Muizz Street 

Al-Aqmar Mosque: It is the smallest mosque in Cairo. It is an architectural masterpiece, and it is the only mosque whose level falls below the surface of the earth. and is characterized by the Kufic inscription on marble columns.
 
Sultan Qalawun Complex: It is considered an architectural masterpiece and the greatest Mamluk establishment. This complex consists of a mausoleum, a school, and a hospital.
 
It is the beginning of the emergence of a new architectural style.Which is known as “architectural complexes”, which includes more than one architectural unit of various purposes.
 Bab al-Futuh: It is one of the gates of the walls of Cairo.  Built-in 1087 AD to control the entrances to Cairo.
Bab Zuweila: It is one of the gates of the walls of Cairo. The Fatimid leader Badr al-Din al-Jamali Established it in 1092 CE.
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah Mosque: Its construction began in the year 989 AD during the reign of Al-Aziz Bellah Al-Fatimiyyah. and after he passed away the building was completed by his ruling son by order of Allah in the year 1013AD.
When you visit these places you will feel the fragrant history, and will Back in time a thousand years

Restaurants near Al Moez Street

Naguib Mahfouz cafe: This restaurant is located about 2 km from Al Moez Street. so it is the closest outstanding restaurant from this region. as this restaurant will allow you to have breakfast, lunch, and dinner because it offers many foods.
 
Khan Al Khalili Restaurant: If you are looking for a distinct Fatimid atmosphere. You can visit Khan Al Khalili restaurant. which is has its unique location in the Khan Al Khalili area. also, it is distinguished that it serves breakfast, food, and dinner so that it serves various foods at any time of the day.
Al-Fishawy Coffee: After completing your tour, you can rest enough and drink your cup of tea or coffee in Al-Fishawi coffee.

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the great Sphinx of Giza

what is the story of the Great Sphinx? who was the king building it?

the story of the Great Sphinx is a great one as this is a colossal limestone 4,500 years old statue, it’s location is near the great pyramid of Giza.

It’s considered one of the most fascinating and wonderful landmarks in Egypt.

Its measurement is 73 meters in length and 20 meters in height.

What is the Sphinx?

It features to be with a human male face and a lion’s body with some variations.

The Sphinx, in ancient Egypt, was considered as a spiritual guardian.

Most of the time represented with human head and pharaoh headdress and some of the sphinxes were also included in some tombs and temples.

For example, the sphinx alley that located in Luxor is a two-mile avenue 

It links between Luxor and Karnak temples and it’s surrounded with smaller Sphinx statues.

There are Sphinxes that have similarity to woman pharaoh as Hatshepsut

There is a large alabaster Sphinx that exists at the temple of Ramesside in Memphis, Egypt.

The Sphinx is imported from Egypt to Greece and Asia about 15th to 16 th century B.C.

The Asian Sphinx is figured with eagle wings, most often female look, often raise one paw and sat on its haunches.

The Sphinx in Greece also has wings and a serpent tail as well.

How old is the great Sphinx?

The most widely accepted theory about when the Great Sphinx was built, is that it was constructed for Khafre around 2603 –  2578 B.C.

As some hieroglyphic reliefs say that the king Khufu, the father of Khafre, built the greatest and oldest pyramid of the three pyramids of Giza.

When Khafre became a king, he built his own pyramid next to his father’s pyramid and it’s 10 feats shorter than Khufu pyramid.

But Khufu pyramid is encircled by more statues as the great Sphinx.

There are some suggestions say that the great Sphinx has been painted because of the red dye on its face

According to the organization of the Sphinx and the pyramids, some scientists believe that there was a celestial goal from the temple and the great Sphinx

That was to resurrect the soul of Khafre by directing the power of the sun god and other gods also.

Khafre:

There are several pieces of evidences that link Khafre and his temple complex with the great Sphinx.

The reason for that is, the face and head of the Sphinx is very similar to life-size monuments of king Khafre, that have been found on the valley temple.

In addition to the remnants of the causeway that tie the mortuary temple next to Khafre’s pyramids, to the valley temple.

at the beginning of the 1900s, another ancient building was discovered, just in front of the Great Sphinx, it’s called the Sphinx temple and it has a similar design to the valley temple.

In the 1980s, another evidence was discovered that suggested that the limestones that used in building the walls of the Sphinx came from the ditch around the statue.

 It’s also believed that the workers transferred Quarry blocks for the temple of Sphinx during the great Sphinx construction.

Researchers suggested that it might have taken three years and 100 workers to the carve out the great Sphinx from the limestone.

There are some other shreds of evidence show that the workers quit suddenly before completely finish building the temple and the great Sphinx

As there was a leftover of workman’s lunch, some tool kits, and partially quarried bedrock.  

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DAY TOURS TO PYRAMIDS, MEMPHIS AND SAQQARA

CAMEL RIDE TOURS IN PYRAMIDS

 

what is the secret of Giza pyramids? how were they built?

Pyramids of Giza it’s also called Ahramat Al-jizah and were built to endure eternity.

The monumental pyramids tombs are relics of the ancient Egyptians era and were constructed about 4,500 years ago.

Egypt’s pharaohs expected to turn into gods after death.

To prepare for the next world they built the temples and dedicated to the gods and massive different pyramid tombs for themselves.

filled with all the stuff each ruler would need and want to sustain and guide himself in the afterlife.

The pyramids were constructed on a rocky plateau near Giza in Northern Egypt on the west bank of the Nile

The pyramids of Giza were included in the seven wonders of the world in the old times

The ancient monuments and ruins of the Memphis, including the pyramids of Giza, Abusir, Dahshur, Abu Ruwaysh, and Saqqarah.

The pyramids’ names are Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu as the names of the kings, who built the pyramids.

1.Khufu pyramid:-

It is the oldest and northernmost pyramid, it also the greatest pyramid

As it’s the height from each side at the base is 230 meters and it’s original height was 147 meters.

Khufu pyramid, the great pyramid of Giza

2- Khafre pyramid:-

It’s the middle pyramid, Khafre was the fourth king of the eight kings of the 4th dynasty;

its height is 216 meters on every side and its height is originally 143 meters.

Khafre pyramid

3-Menkaure pyramid:

It’s the last and southernmost pyramid, the structure measures 109 meters from each side, it’s height is 66 meters

All of the three pyramids were robbed from the inside and outside during the ancient and medieval times,

so even the grave goods and statues that were originally saved and deposited in the burial chambers have vanished.

the pyramids of Giza

Also, the height of pyramids is not the same anymore because of their outermost casings f smooth and white limestone, have been completely stripped.

For example, the great pyramid’s height now is only 183 meters.

However, Khafre pyramid still has the outer limestone casing but only at the top part

Near every pyramid, there is a mortuary temple was constructed, and it was linked to a valley temple by a sloping causeway

Near from this site, there are also some subsidiary pyramids, where some members of the royal family were buried

Khufu’s pyramid is probably the most massive and colossal building ever built on planet earth

The side of the pyramid is raised by angle 51°52′ and they are accurately directed to the four cardinal points of the compass

The core of the great pyramid is made of thinner light-colored limestone, the outer casing, and the burial chamber that is built of big blocks of granite.

About 2.3 million stone rocks were cut, transferred and gathered to construct the 5.75 million ton structure.

Which is considered until now a masterpiece of ancient Egypt that display the incredible engineering ability and technical skills

The great pyramid entrance is on the north side, it’s about 18 meters higher than the ground level

A sloppy passageway descends from the entrance through the interior masonry of the pyramid,

which penetrates the rocks on which the site it’s located, and it ends in the unfinished underground chamber.

From the descending passageway branches an ascending corridor 

it leads to a room called the Queen’s chamber and also to an amazing great slanting gallery and it’s about 46 meters long.

The upper side from this great gallery is a narrow and long corridor open access to the burial room proper.

it’s also known as the king’s chamber is entirely roofed and lined in the granite.

This chamber has two small and narrow shafts that run obliquely through out the masonry to outside the great pyramid.

None knows if these shafts were designed for ventilation only or for a religious purpose.

There are five compartments separated from each other by huge horizontal granite slabs.

It’s possible that the purpose of these granite slabs was to protect the ceiling of the burial chamber from the massive and huge activities during the construction process.

The answer about, how were the pyramids built?

Never was satisfying and logic answer

However, the most logical answer is that the ancient Egyptians used an encircling and a sloppy embankment brick, earth, and sand

The huge block was carried up the ramp by using rollers, levers, sledges

an ancient Greek historian said that it took 100.000 men and 20 years to construct the great pyramid.

The great Sphinx lies near Khafre’s valley temple to the south side of Khufu’s pyramid.

The great Sphinx is carved into the limestone, it has facial characteristics of a  human male.

But its body is for a recumbent lion; it’s about 73 meters long and 20 meters high.

In 1925, a pit tomb was discovered, it was containing the transferred burial equipment that belonged to Queen Hetepheres, Khufu’s mother.

It’s location near the upper side of Khufu’s causeway.

In the late 1980s and 90s, some excavations were discovered in the surrounded area of the pyramids.

that show the workers’ districts that including workshops, storage areas, bakeries, and the small tombs which were for the laborers and artisans.

What we know about the builders that they were skilled, had good nutrition and lived in nearby temporary districts.

 Archaeological digs on the incredible site have revealed a very well organized community, rich with resources, that must have been supported by a strong central authority.

It’s possible that communities in Egypt helped the workers, and supply them with food and other essentials,

for what became in some ways a national project to declare the wealth and authority of the ancient pharaohs.

Check out our trips to the Pyramids of Giza.

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what is the story of the Great Sphinx? who was the king building it?